Recipe: Simple No-Knead Einkorn Bread
If you’ve ever suffered from a gluten allergy then you know how hard it can be to find bread products that won’t do serious damage to your digestive system. Luckily for you, we’ve found the perfect solution! Einkorn is a light bread with the lowest glycemic index meaning you can still enjoy all of the delights of bread, but without any of the allergic reactions! This simple sourdough starter will have you creating delicious and healthy bread in no time!
The following is an excerpt from Restoring Heritage Grains by Eli Rogosa. It has been adapted for the web.
Einkorn Sourdough Starter
About a week before you plan to bake, mix equal amounts of flour and pure water; that is, well water, spring water or distilled water. (Do not use chlorinated water. It will destroy the beneficial microbes.) Repeat the feeding each day for about seven days. After a week of feeding, the starter should be mature, active, and ready to use. You will observe that the freshly fed starter will rise and bubble through the day, then later collapse when the sugars are fully metabolized. To create an active starter uniquely adapted to your local water, flour, and temperature, observe the timing of this cycle in your starter. The best time to feed the starter is when your starter has risen up and just slightly begins to pull down. This is the ripe moment when the microbes are active and hungry.
Mix together equal amounts of water and einkorn flour. For example, 2 Tbsp (30 g) warm water and 2 Tbsp (30 g) einkorn flour. Mix well, and place in a glass container with a loose top to allow airflow. Stir a few times a day if possible. Store in a cool dark place or in your refrigerator in the summer.
Day 2 thru Day 5
Each day stir in 2 Tbsp (30 g) warm water and 2 Tbsp (30 g) einkorn flour. Your starter is mature when there is a lovely aromatic sweet tangy fragrance and small fermentation bubbles arising throughout the mixture. It may take several experimental batches before you develop the best sourdough adaptation for your unique conditions. Be patient, persevere, and keep at it!
Pre-fermentation is a process to feed the microbes in the sourdough starter by adding more water and flour each day before mixing the bread dough, so that the starter is highly active and ready to use. It is especially important to feed your mother starter the day before you plan to make sourdough bread to get a good rise. This is an age-old practice throughout Europe and the Middle East. Each country has unique pre-ferment traditions. In France, a pre-ferment is called levain. It is a biga in Italy; in Germany, sauerteig. Originally from Poland, a poolish pre-ferment is known as a sponge in the United States. The subtle variables in each sourdough process such as temperature, water quality, and the air itself will give your sourdough a unique terroir all its own.
No-Knead Artisan Einkorn Bread Baked in a Dutch Oven
This is a basic traditional sourdough recipe that can be a foundation for creativity. It is incredibly easy to make even if you’ve never baked bread before. It looks so beautiful, no one will believe you’re not an experienced baker.
Mother Dough (Preferment)
2 Tbsp (30 g) activated sourdough starter or ¾ tsp (2 g) yeast
½ cup (120 g) warm pure (unchlorinated) water
1 cup (120 g) einkorn flour
For the dough
5 cups (600 g) unsifted whole einkorn flour
1 tsp salt (6 g)
1¼ cup (300 g) warm pure water
1 Tbsp (15 g) olive oil
1 Tbsp honey (21 g) or maple syrup (20 g)
All of the Mother Dough (268 g)
½ tsp (1.4 g) dry yeast or ¼ cup (60 g) sourdough starter, if not using the Mother Dough as a starter
- Mix the flour and salt together.
- Mix the warm water, oil, and sweetener together. If you are not using the Mother Dough as a starter, add yeast to the dry ingredients or sourdough to wet ingredients.
- Mix all the ingredients together. Let the dough rest for 15 minutes so that the liquids are well absorbed. This is a wet dough, so do not be tempted to add more flour.
- On a well-floured work surface, use a dough scraper or your oiled hands to fold dough to the center several times to create a ball-like shape.
- Place on parchment paper in a large bowl.
- Cover with a plastic bag or wrap.
- Let it rise slowly in the cool darkness of a refrigerator overnight.
- The next day, preheat an oven-safe heavy pot for 30 minutes at 450°F (232°C). Carefully remove the hot pot from the oven with mitts. Use parchment paper to lift the dough into the hot pot.
- With the dough and parchment paper in the pot, cover and bake for about 45 minutes. For a crustier loaf, bake for 5 more minutes in uncovered pot.
- Cool and enjoy.
Variations: Crack an egg into the measuring cup before adding the warm water (still measure up to 1¼ cups). Grate ½ cup (118 g) cheese into flour. Substitute a tablespoon of cream for oil and/or warm milk for water at a 1:1 ratio. Add a cup of blended einkorn sprouts. (Blending avoids hard sprouts on the crust.) For enhanced moistness, substitute strained drained potato cooking water for plain water.
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