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Book Data

ISBN: 9781933392455
Year Added to Catalog: 2008
Book Format: Paperback
Book Art: Black and White Illustrations throughout
Dimensions: 8 1/2 x 11
Number of Pages: 516
Book Publisher: Chelsea Green Publishing
Release Date: August 18, 2008
Web Product ID: 352

Also By This Author

When Technology Fails, Revised and Expanded

A Manual for Self-Reliance, Sustainability, and Surviving the Long Emergency

by Matthew Stein

Foreword by Richard Heinberg

Table of Contents

Foreword xv

1 An Introduction to Self-Reliance

  • An Uncertain Future 1
  • Technology Failures Are Common 2
  • Why This Book? 4
  • Be Prepared 5
  • Preindustrial Self-Sufficiency 6
  • Old-Fashioned Self-Reliance and
    Modern Sustainable Technology 7
  • References 8

2 Present Trends, Possible Futures

  • Do the Right Thing 10
  • The Main Threats to Our Future 10
    • A Perspective on Relative Threats 11
  • The Eco-Threat 12
    • Greenhouse Gases and Global Warming 14
    • Deforestation 16
  • Systems Modeling and Systems Response 18
    • Feedback 19
    • Overshoot and Carrying Capacity 20
    • Limiting Factor and Drawdown 21
    • Collapse 22
    • Sources and Sinks 23
    • Sustainability and Limits to Growth 24
    • The World’s Oceans 25
    • The Economics of Climate Change 27
  • Peak Oil 27
    • EROEI, Petroleum, and Biofuels 29
    • Facts about Oil and Other Energy Sources 31
  • The Bio-Threat 32
  • The Terrorism Threat 34
  • Other Important Trends 35
    • Water and Food 35
    • Depletion of the Ozone Layer: A Modern Eco-Success Story 36
    • Polar Ice Caps 36
  • Earthquakes and Volcanoes 37
  • Prophecies 38
  • What Can I Do? 40
  • References 41
  • Resources 45

3 Supplies and Preparations

  • Are You Prepared? 49
  • Planning for the Short Term 50
    • Short-Term Preparedness Checklist 50
    • 72-Hour “Grab-and-Run” Survival Kits 51
    • First-Aid Kits 52
  • Earthquake Precautions 53
    • In the Event of an Earthquake 53
  • Long-Term Planning and Storage 54
    • Basic Supplies and Portable Equipment 54
    • Calculating a Year’s Food Supply 55
    • Storage Tips 57
    • Dry Ice Fumigation 57
    • Vacuum Packaging 58
    • Mouse Traps and Rat Poisoning 58
    • Shelf-Life Guide 58
  • Notes on Camping Gear 59
    • Tents 59
    • Clothing 59
    • Sleeping Bags 60
    • Insulating Sleeping Mats 60
    • Backpacks 60
    • Stoves 60
    • Cookware 61
    • Footgear 61
    • Firearms 61
  • Planning for the Long-Term Future 62
  • References 62
  • Resources 63

4 Emergency Measures for Survival

  • Survival Strategies 66
    • Basic Strategies 67
    • Compact Survival Kit 69
  • Developing a Survivor Personality 71
    • Typical Survivor Personality Traits 72
    • Intuition: A Survivor’s Powerful Ally 72
  • Water 75
    • Requirements 75
    • Recommended Emergency Measures 75
    • Dehydration 75
    • Conserving Water 75
  • Fire 76
    • Starting a Fire with Matches 76
    • Starting a Fire with Flint and Steel 77
    • Starting a Fire with Bow and Drill 77
    • Starting a Fire with a Hand Drill 79
    • Starting a Fire with a Fire Plough 79
  • Food 80
    • Basic Guidelines 80
    • Plants 80
    • Insects, Grubs, and Worms 82
  • Shelter 82
    • Location 82
    • Squirrel’s Nest 83
    • Building on Fallen Trunks and Trees 83
    • Scout Pits and Coal Beds 83
    • Snow Shelters 83
  • Emergency Snow Shoes 84
  • Cordage 84
    • Recommended Plant Fibers 84
    • Fiber Test 85
    • Preparing Fibers 85
    • Spinning Fibers into Cord 85
    • Splicing 86
  • Simple Tools 86
    • Discoidal Stone Knives 87
    • Bone Tools 88
  • Surviving a Nuclear Disaster 88
    • Types of Nuclear Threats 88
    • Protecting Yourself from Direct Radiation 89
    • Protecting Yourself from Radioactive Contamination 90
  • References 91
  • Resources 94

 5 Water

  • Water Requirements 96
  • Stocking Up for Emergencies 96
  • Guidelines for Coping with Disaster 97
  • The World’s Water Crisis 98
  • Fossil Aquifers and Virtual Water 98
  • Water Pollution 99
    • Types of Contamination 100
  • Disinfecting Your Water 101
    • Heat Sterilization 102
    • Portable Water Filters 102
    • UV Sterilization—“SteriPEN” 103
    • Mixed Halogens—MSR’s MIOX Purifier 104
    • My Water-Treatment Recommendations 104
    • Chemical Sterilization 105
  • Preserving Water 108
    • Using Silver to Preserve Water 108
  • Treating and Finding Water the Low-Tech Way 108
      Treating Water 109
    • Finding Water 112
    • Wells 113
  • Protecting Your Water Source 115
  • Modern Water Treatment 116
    • Chlorine Treatment 116
    • Ozone Treatment 116
    • Activated Carbon Filtration 116
    • Reverse Osmosis 117
    • Distillation 117
  • References 118
  • Resources 119

 6 Food: Growing, Foraging, Hunting, and Storing

  • World Population and Food Supply 122
    • Agricultural Productivity 122
    • Irrigation Gains and Losses 123
    • Genetically Engineered Foods 124
    • Soil Health and Soil Losses 125
    • Sustainable Agriculture 126
  • Permaculture 128
  • Grow Biointensive 129
    • Double-Dug, Raised Beds 130
    • Intensive Planting 132
    • Composting 133
    • Companion Planting 134
    • Whole Gardening 135
    • Seed Propagation 135
    • Pest Control 135
    • Extending the Harvest in Cold Climates 136
  • Sprouting: Your Own Minigarden on a Windowsill 137
    • The Sprouting Process 137
  • Foraging for Food 139
    • Brief Guide to Wild Edible Foods 139
    • Poisonous Plants to Avoid 146
  • Preserving and Storing Food 147
    • Root Cellars and Other Cold Storage 147
    • Drying and Smoking Food 148
    • Preserving Meat 149
  • Dairy, Tofu, and Tempeh 149
    • Making Butter 150
    • Ghee 150
    • Yogurt 150
    • Cheese 150
    • Making Rennet for Cheese 152
  • Raising Animals 152
  • Hunting and Trapping 153
      Bow and Arrow 153
    • Traps 154
    • Skinning and Cleaning 156
  • Fishing 156
    • Angling 157
    • Catching Fish by Hand 157
    • Spearing Fish 158
    • Fishing with Net 158
  • References 159
  • Resources 167

 7 Shelter and Buildings

  • Green Buildings 170
  • Green Certification and “Greenwashing” 172
  • A Survey of Various Green Building Systems: Straw Bales 173
    • In-Fill (Non-Load-Bearing) Straw Bale Construction 174
    • Load-Bearing Straw Bale Construction 175
    • Finishing Straw Bale Walls 176
  • ICF 177
  • SCIP 178
  • “Green” Concrete 180
  • Pumice-Crete 181
  • SIP 181
  • Earth-Based Building Systems 182
    • Rammed Earth 183
    • Adobe 188
    • Cob 192
    • Cast Earth 193
  • Fire-Resistant Green Building 193
    • Lessons from the 1993 Laguna Fire 194
    • Green and Fire Resistant 195
  • Banboo as a Green Building Material 195
  • Passive Solar Design 196
    • Passive Solar “Rules of Thumb” 196
    • James Kachadorian’s Patented Solar Slab 200
  • Preventing and/or Battling Mold 201
    • Health Effects of Mold 201
    • Identifying a Mold Problem 202
    • Dealing with Mold 202
    • Construction Tips for Preventing Mold 202
    • Mat’s Mold Wisdom 203
  • Traditional Low-Tech Structures 205
    • Log Cabins 205
    • Timber-Frame Construction 207
    • Tipis, Yurts, Wickiups, and Wigwams 207
  • Earthquake Resistance 211
    • Improving Earthquake Resistance 212
  • References 213
  • Resources 221

8 First Aid

  • Initial Evaluation 225
    • Survey the Scene 225
    • Consent and Liability 226
  • ABCs of First Aid 226
    • Treatment Priority 226
    • Unconscious Victim 226
  • CPR 229
  • Survey for Injuries and to Control Bleeding 231
    • Pressure Points 231
    • Tourniquets 232
  • Wounds 232
    • Abrasions 232
    • Incisions 233
    • Puncture Wounds 234
    • Abdominal Wounds 234
    • Head Wounds 234
    • Chest Wounds 234
  • Choking 234
    • Heimlich Maneuver (Abdominal Thrusts) 235
  • Bandages and Dressings 235
  • Shock 235
    • Symptoms 235
    • Treatment for Shock 236
  • Fractures and Dislocations 236
    • General Guidelines for Treating Dislocations and Fractures 237
    • Special Precautions for Fractures 238
    • Reducing Dislocations 238
    • Sprains and Strains 239
  • Heat-Related Trauma 240
    • Heat Stroke 240
    • Heat Exhaustion 240
  • Bites and Stings 240
    • Animal Bites 240
    • Snakebites 240
    • Spider Bites 241
    • Tick Bites 241
    • Stings 242
  • Eyes 242
    • First Aid for a Foreign Object in the Eye 242
  • Moving Injured People 242
    • Clothing Drag for Single Rescuer 243
    • Multi-Helper “Stretcher” Rescue 243
    • One- and Two-Person Carries 244
  • Emergency Childbirth 246
    • Signs of Impending Delivery 246
    • Stages of Labor 246
    • Emergency Childbirth Supplies 247
    • Delivery 247
    • After Delivery 248
  • References 248

 9 When High-Tech Medicine Fails

  • The Holistic Health Movement 251
  • The Low-Tech Medicine Cabinet 252
    • Simple, Effective Remedies and Supplements to Have on Hand 252
  • The Essence of Healing 256
    • Genetics and Cellular Growth 256
    • Body Energy 257
  • Colloidal and Ionic Silver 258
    • Making Your Own Colloidal Silver Generator 259
    • Using Your Colloidal Silver Generator 259
  • Solutions of Metallic Silver Nano-Particles 261
  • Healing with Herbs 261
    • Types of Herbal Preparations 262
    • Powerful Herbal Combinations for Better Health 264
    • Caisse’s Tea (Essiac) 265
    • Jason Winters’ Herbal Tea 266
    • Dr. Clark’s Herbal Parasite Cleanse 267
    • Kidney Cleanse 269
    • Liver Cleanse 270
  • Detoxification 271
    • Naturopathic Healing 271
    • Fasting 272
  • Supplements and Food 273
  • Homeopathy 274
    • The Origins of Homeopathy 274
    • Homeopathic “Potencies” 275
    • Effectiveness of Homeopathy 275
    • Homeopathy Practice 276
  • Sinus Health and Molds 276
    • Health Effects of Molds and Other Fungi 277
    • Treatment for Molds and Other Fungi 277
  • Electromagnetic Fields 279
  • The Beck Protocol 282
  • Healing with Energy 283
    • A Few Useful Guidelines (No Fixed Rules) 285
  • The Power of Prayer 285
  • Hypnosis for Pain Control and Healing 287
    • Fractional Relaxation Induction 289
    • Hypnotic Suggestion 290
    • Awakening Technique 291
  • Visualization and Mind-Body Healing 291
    • General Guidelines 291
    • Visualization for Mending a Broken Bone 292
    • Egyptian Healing Visualization 292
  • Some Notes on Death and Dying 292
  • References and Resources 293

 10 Clothing and Textiles

  • Fiber Arts 306
    • Preparing Fibers 306
    • Sustainable Fibers 308
    • Spinning 309
    • Weaving 311
    • Knitting and Crocheting 312
  • Furs and Skins 313
    • Brain Tanning Overview 313
    • Dealing with Furs 320
    • Bark Tanning Leather 320
  • Patterns and Custom-Tailored Clothing 321
      Sinews 322
  • Footwear 322
    • References 324
    • Resources 327

11 Energy, Heat, and Power

  • Shifting to Renewable Energy (RE) 330
    • Why Renewable Energy? 331
    • Energy Conservation,“Negawatts,” and RE 331
  • RE Systems 332
    • Net Metering 334
    • AC Versus DC 334
    • Alternatives for High-Energy-Consuming Appliances 334
    • Photovoltaics Versus Wind Versus Micro-Hydro 336
    • Batteries 336
    • Backup Generators 338
    • System Sizing 338
  • Photovoltaics 340
    • Insolation 340
    • Solar Array Sizing 341
    • Panel Orientation 341
    • Maximum Power Point Tracking 342
  • Wind Power 343
    • Wind-Energy Tips 343
  • Micro-Hydropower 344
    • Micro-Hydro Considerations 344
  • Solar Hot Water 345
    • Passive Solar “Batch” Heating 345
    • Direct Pump Solar Hot-Water Heating 347
    • Active Solar Hot Water 347
  • Solar Space Heating 348
  • Solar Water Pumping 349
  • Biofuels 350
  • Steam Energy 352
  • Fuel Cells 353
    • How Fuel Cells Work 353
    • Efficiency and Environmental Considerations 354
    • Fuel Cells in the Home 354
  • Heating with Wood 355
    • Efficient Stove Features 356
  • Energy, Power, and Electricity Primer 357
    • Energy 357
    • Power 357
    • Electricity 357
    • Proper Wire Sizing 360
    • Battery Voltage: 12 Volts, 24 Volts, or 48 Volts? 360
    • Capacitance 360
    • Inductance 362
  • References 362
  • Resources 367

 12 Metalworking

  • A Brief Introduction to Metals 372
  • Casting Metal 374
    • Sand Casting 374
    • Furnace 377
  • Forging 382
    • Low-Tech Heat Treating 383
  • References 385
  • Resources 388

13 Utensils and Storage

  • Making a Simple Wooden Cup or Bowl 389
  • Basket Basics 390
    • Materials 390
    • Making a Basket 390
  • Gourds 393
    • Growing Gourds 393
    • Curing Gourds 393
    • Cleaning Gourds 394
    • Sealing Gourds 394
  • Storing Fluids in Skins and Other Animal Parts 394
  • Primitive Pottery 394
    • Clay 395
    • Pinch Pots 396
    • Coil Pottery 397
    • Slab Pottery 397
    • Throwing on the Wheel 398
    • Firing Pottery 402
  • References 403

 14 Better Living Through Not-So-Modern Chemistry

  • Soap 405
    • Soapy Plants 406
    • Lye Soap 407
  • Candles 410
    • Wicking 411
    • Making Candles 411
  • Alcohol 412
    • Malt 413
    • Mash 413
    • Fermentation 414
    • Distillation 414
  • Vinegar 416
  • Natural Glues 417
    • Pitch Glue 417
    • Hide Glue 417
  • Vegetable Oils 417
  • References 418

 15 Engineering, Machines, and Materials

  • Engineering 421
    • Forces and Statics 421
    • Stress and Strength (Mechanics) 424
  • Fluids 426
  • Materials 427
  • Mathematics 427
    • Trigonometry 429
    • Logarithms 429
  • Conversions 436
  • References 437
  • Resources 439

 16 Making the Shift to Sustainability

  • A Poor Track Record 441
  • Proactive Success Stories 444
  • Limitations to a Free-Market Economic Policy 446
  • Tragedy of the Commons 446
  • Sustainable Communities 448
  • Sustainable Cities 448
  • Cradle to Cradle 449
  • The Natural Step 450
  • Backcasting 452
  • Ecological Footprint 452
  • Negative Population Growth 454
  • Getting a Grip on “King Coal” 454
  • Doing Your Part 455
  • Planning for the Future 457
  • The “Hundredth Monkey Phenomenon” 458
  • Plan B: Live Locally, Think Globally 458
  • Effective Action 461
  • Choose Wisely 461
  • References 462
  • Resources 467

Bibliography 471

Index 488


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