- Vaccines that survive without refrigeration based on Africa’s ‘resurrection’ plant.
- Friction-free surfaces suitable for modern electrical devices gleaned from the slippery skin of the Arabian Peninsula’s sandfish lizard.
- New antibacterial substances inspired by marine algae found off Australia’s coast that promise a new way of defeating health hazardous bugs without contributing to the threat of increasing bacterial resistance.
- Toxic-free fire retardants, based on waste citrus and grape crops inspired by the way animal cells turn food into energy without producing flames—the so called citric acid or Krebs cycle.
- A pioneering water harvesting system to recycle steam from cooling towers and allowing buildings to collect their own water supplies from the air inspired by the way the Namib Desert Beetle of Namibia harvests water from desert fogs.
- Biodegradable, water-tight packaging and water-repellant linings for pipes to tents that mimic the Australian water-holding frog.
Zero Emission Research and Initiatives (ZERI) and the Biomimicry Guild  have teamed up to create The Nature’s 100 Best Initiative , a study focused on discovering the environmentally-friendly solutions that will enable our future by studying the systems that exist in nature today. The Initiative has already found ways to improve many items and processes that make our modern quality (and length) of life possible: everything from a better pace maker to better vaccine storage. We are proud to be publishing the Initiative’s preliminary findings in the forthcoming book, Nature’s 100 Best: World-Changing Innovations Inspired by Nature. The Nature’s 100 Best Initiative works in partnership with the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The following is a press release about the Initiative from the UNEP. Nature’s 100 Best Initiative Publishes Preliminary Findings on How to Green the Global Economy Ninth Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity 19-30 May 28 May 2008, Bonn/Geneva/Nairobi—A super-small pacemaker modeled on the wiring of the humpback whale’s heart and pigment-free colour coatings from the light-splitting structures of a peacock’s feather are among a range of extraordinary new eco-breakthroughs emerging from mimicking nature. Other commercially-promising advances, inspired by natural world and its close to four billion year-old history of “research and development” include: